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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 33-40

Principles and practice of Faşd (venesection) in Unani/Greco-Arabian medicine

1 Department of Ilaj Bit Tadbeer, School of Unani Medical Education and Research, Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi, India
2 Hakim Ajmal Khan Institute of Literary and Historical Research in Unani Medicine, New Delhi, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Mohd Fazil
Hakim Ajmal Khan Institute of Literary and Historical Research in Unani Medicine, Jamia Millia Islamia Campus, New Delhi - 110 025
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijas.ijas_13_18

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Unani or Yunani medicine, also referred to as Greco-Arabian medicine is a complementary system of medicine which originated in ancient Greece. According to Unani medicine, there are six essential factors which are responsible for the maintenance of health and any disruption in them may lead to disease. Ilāj bit Tadbīr (regimental therapy) encompasses regimes that attempt to correct this disruption and help the body to restore itself. Faşd (venesection) is a part of Ilāj bit Tadbīr which involves blood-letting by placing an incision in specified veins. It is prescribed as a minor excretory procedure which has both preventive and therapeutic benefits. Faşd has manifold benefits including istifrāgh (excretion) of wastes, removal of imtila (plethora), and reduction of viscosity of blood. Hence, if carried out according to guidelines, it serves as an effective treatment modality in many local and systemic disorders. The present review aims to present the principles and guidelines of faşd in light of traditional Greco-Arabian medicine.

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